Hajj In Islam

What Is Hajj e Akbar: A Spiritual And Social Obligation In Islam


Hajj e Akbar: In the Islamic faith, Hajj holds tremendous significance as one of the five pillars of Islam. It is a sacred pilgrimage that devout Muslims undertake to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. Hajj is a time-honored tradition that dates back to the time of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and has been observed by millions of Muslims from all corners of the globe. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the essence of Hajj, its rituals, and its profound importance in the lives of Muslims.

Hajj Meanings In Islam

Hajj, derived from the Arabic word “hajja,” means to intend or set out for a journey. In the context of Islam, it refers to the pilgrimage to Mecca that every able-bodied and financially capable Muslim is obliged to undertake at least once in their lifetime. Hajj takes place during the Islamic month of Dhul-Hijjah, the final month of the Islamic lunar calendar.

Hajj is compulsory on those who have enough money to travel and also enough supplies for their family until come back.

What Is the difference between Hajj And Hajj e Akbar

Hajj-e-Akbar is the Hajj performed when the day of Arafah, the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah, falls on a Friday, Islam’s most important day of the week as well. Hajj is an annual journey to Mecca that every Muslim must make at least once in their lives if they have enough money to travel and supplies to last them until they return. Some Muslims believe that this Hajj offers higher spiritual rewards and blessings than previous Hajjs, although there is no credible proof from the Quran or Sunnah to back this up. The Quran uses the phrase Hajj-e-Akbar to refer to the day of sacrifice, which is the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah.

Spiritual Significance Of Hajj

The roots of Hajj trace back to the time of the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham in the Bible) and his family. It is believed that Ibrahim and his son Ismail (Ishmael) were commanded by Allah (God) to build the Kaaba, the sacred house of worship in Mecca. The Kaaba serves as the focal point towards which Muslims around the world pray during their daily prayers.

The Rituals of Hajj

Hajj is a meticulously structured pilgrimage that consists of several rituals. Let’s explore each of these rituals in detail:

Here is a seven possible 7 steps of Hajj

Hajj e Akbar:

Step 1 Ihram: The State of Sacredness

Before embarking on the pilgrimage, pilgrims enter a state of sacredness known as Ihram. They wear simple, white garments that symbolize purity and equality, irrespective of their social or economic standing. The attire for men comprises two unstitched white sheets, while women wear modest clothing that covers their entire bodies except for the hands and face.

Step 2 Tawaf: Circumambulation of the Kaaba

Upon reaching Mecca, pilgrims perform Tawaf, which involves circumambulating the Kaaba seven times in a counterclockwise direction. The Kaaba represents the unity of Muslims worldwide and symbolizes the House of Allah.

Step 3 Sa’i: The Ritual Walk

Following Tawaf, pilgrims undertake Sa’i, which involves walking back and forth seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwa. This ritual commemorates the search for water by Ibrahim’s wife, Hagar, when she was left in the desert with their infant son, Ismail.

Step 4 Wuquf: Standing at Arafat

The pinnacle of Hajj is the Wuquf, where pilgrims gather in the plain of Arafat, located just outside Mecca. It is believed that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) delivered his farewell sermon at this very place. Pilgrims spend the day in prayer and contemplation, seeking forgiveness and divine blessings.

Step 5 Muzdalifah

The fifth step of Hajj is to go to Muzdalifah, which is a valley between Arafat and Mina. Muzdalifah is also known as Mash’ar al-Haram (the Sacred Monument), where Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) prayed and supplicated after leaving Arafat.

Pilgrims go to Muzdalifah after sunset on the Day of Arafat, and spend the night there under the open sky. They pray the Maghrib (sunset) and Isha (night) prayers combined and shortened at the time of Isha. They also collect pebbles for the next step of Hajj, which is stoning the devil. They pick up 49 or 70 small stones, depending on whether they intend to stay in Mina for two or three days.

Step 6 Stoning of the Devil

After Wuquf, pilgrims proceed to Mina, where they perform the symbolic stoning of the Devil. This ritual involves casting pebbles at three pillars, symbolizing the rejection of evil temptations faced by Ibrahim during his encounter with the Devil.

Step 7 Eid al-Adha: The Festival of Sacrifice

Hajj culminates with the celebration of Eid al-Adha, the Festival of Sacrifice. Pilgrims offer animal sacrifices, following the tradition of Ibrahim, who was willing to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to Allah. The meat from these sacrifices is distributed among the needy, promoting acts of charity and compassion.

The Importance of Hajj In Islam

Hajj holds immense importance for Muslims both individually and collectively. Here are some key reasons why Hajj is considered a fundamental aspect of Islamic faith:

Spiritual Purification and Renewal

Hajj provides an opportunity for religious purification and renewal. Pilgrims try to start over by putting aside all of the things in the world that distract them and putting all of their attention on their loyalty to Allah. It is a time of serious meditation, introspection, and spiritual growth.

Muslim unity

Hajj is a significant symbol of unity among Muslims from various origins. It brings individuals of many races, ethnicities, and cultures together, promoting a sense of brothers and sisterhood that crosses societal borders. Muslims stand shoulder to shoulder, dressed identically, to demonstrate their equality and togetherness.

Commemorating Prophet Ibrahim’s Sacrifice

Hajj celebrates the Prophet Ibrahim’s highest act of obedience. It reminds Muslims of the ideals of submission, sacrifice, and unshakable faith in Allah. The rites conducted during Hajj represent the struggles and successes encountered by Ibrahim and his family, motivating believers to emulate their devotion and tenacity.

Seeking Forgiveness and Mercy

Hajj is a once-in-a-lifetime chance for Muslims to seek Allah’s mercy and kindness. It is considered that earnest supplications made during the journey are more likely to be accepted. Pray to Allah for forgiveness, blessings, and guidance, humbling themselves before their Creator.

What Makes Us Who We Are:

Hajj strengthens the faith, community, and culture of Muslims. It deepens one’s understanding of Islamic principles and fosters a sense of belonging among Muslims all around the world while strengthening the traits of compassion, tolerance, and selflessness. Pilgrims’ minds and souls are profoundly changed by the Hajj, shaping the rest of their spiritual journey.


The Hajj is a life-changing experience that tests one’s faith, dedication, and personal growth. In doing so, Muslims around the world have shown their unity, diversity, and resiliency. The rituals of Hajj not only aim to reacquaint Muslims with their illustrious past, but also to encourage and direct them toward a life of virtue and significance. I pray that those who make this pilgrimage will experience peace, blessings, and contentment along the way.

Frequently Asking Question

What is the difference between Hajj and Umrah?

Hajj is performed only in the month of Dhul-Hijjah, while Umrah can be performed at any time of the year. Hajj has more rites and obligations than Umrah, such as staying at Arafat, Muzdalifah and Mina, and sacrificing an animal. Hajj is obligatory once in a lifetime for those who can afford it, while Umrah is recommended but not mandatory.  

Why is Hajj performed?

Hajj is performed to fulfill the command of Allah and to follow the example of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and the earlier prophets. Hajj is also a means of seeking forgiveness, purification, spiritual growth, unity and solidarity among Muslims.  

For whom is Hajj obligatory?

Hajj is obligatory for every adult Muslim who is sane, free and able to perform it physically and financially. This means having enough health, wealth, safety and provisions to travel to Mecca and back without causing harm or hardship to oneself or one’s dependents.

 What does ihram mean?

 Ihram is a sacred state that a pilgrim enters before performing Hajj or Umrah. It involves wearing two pieces of white unstitched cloth for men, and modest clothing for women, as well as abstaining from certain actions such as cutting hair or nails, wearing perfume, hunting etc. Ihram also signifies the equality and simplicity of all pilgrims before Allah.  

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